January To Do List
Plant: ornamental & wildlife
- Annual transplants: pansies, violas, calendula (wildlife plant), snapdragon, stock, larkspur, ornamental kale & cabbage, bluebonnet transplants, poppies. Transplants are preferred over seeds at this point.
- Evergreen perennials
- Trees, shrubs, roses
- Evergreen groundcovers like monkey grass, liriope, creeping germander, frogfruit
- Calendula, chervil, cilantro, chives, dill, parsley, feverfew, oregano, sorrel, thyme, garlic chives
- Protect cilantro and chives in below freezing weather
Plant: food crops
- Artichokes, asparagus, onions, greens, lettuce, spinach, radish, carrots, beets, bok choy, collards, kale, peas, turnips, leeks, broccoli
- Prep potatoes to plant in February. Get now to cut and dry for a few weeks
- Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Vegetable Planting Guides (Central Texas)
- Apples, peaches, pecans, pears, pomegranates, persimmons, figs, almonds, grapes, strawberries, raspberries, blackberries
- Okay to prune freeze-damaged perennials. If possible, leave as long as possible for wildlife shelter and food on seed-bearers
- Prune grapes, fruit trees, blackberries
- Cut asters and chrysanthemums to rosettes
- Late month: prune woody salvias as much as ⅔ to encourage new growth
- Trees, including red oaks and live oaks
- Prune rosemary and oregano
- Avoid pruning other evergreen shrubs
- Dormant perennials, roses, shrubs and trees. This is the best time to move plants!
- Add compost to vegetable gardens along with organic fertilizer in prep for another round of winter vegetables
- Soil test
- If must mow, keep high to shade out germinating weeds
- It’s really not a good idea to overseed with rye unless you have new, muddy construction and a dog!
- Spray trees
- Keep floating row cover available; avoid covering plants with plastic
- Spray fruit trees with dormant oil to control overwintering scale, plum curculio and other pests.