January To Do List

Creeping germander Teucrium cossonii flower

Plant: ornamental & wildlife

  • Annual transplants: pansies, violas, calendula (wildlife plant), snapdragon, stock, larkspur, ornamental kale & cabbage, bluebonnet transplants, poppies. Transplants are preferred over seeds at this point.
  • Evergreen perennials
  • Trees, shrubs, roses
  • Evergreen groundcovers like monkey grass, liriope, creeping germander, frogfruit

Plant: herbs

  • Calendula, chervil, cilantro, chives, dill, parsley, feverfew, oregano, sorrel, thyme, garlic chives
  • Protect cilantro and chives in below freezing weather

Plant: food crops

  • Artichokes, asparagus, onions, greens, lettuce, spinach, radish, carrots, beets, bok choy, collards, kale, peas, turnips, leeks, broccoli
  • Prep potatoes to plant in February. Get now to cut and dry for a few weeks
  • Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Vegetable Planting Guides (Central Texas)

Plant: fruit

  • Apples, peaches, pecans, pears, pomegranates, persimmons, figs, almonds, grapes, strawberries, raspberries, blackberries


  • Okay to prune freeze-damaged perennials. If possible, leave as long as possible for wildlife shelter and food on seed-bearers
  • Prune grapes, fruit trees, blackberries
  • Cut asters and chrysanthemums to rosettes
  • Late month: prune woody salvias as much as ⅔ to encourage new growth
  • Trees, including red oaks and live oaks
  • Prune rosemary and oregano
  • Avoid pruning other evergreen shrubs


  • Dormant perennials, roses, shrubs and trees. This is the best time to move plants!


  • Add compost to vegetable gardens along with organic fertilizer in prep for another round of winter vegetables
  • Soil test


  • If must mow, keep high to shade out germinating weeds
  • It’s really not a good idea to overseed with rye unless you have new, muddy construction and a dog!

Other tasks

  • Spray trees
  • Keep floating row cover available; avoid covering plants with plastic
  • Spray fruit trees with dormant oil to control overwintering scale, plum curculio and other pests.


Tips for all 12 months