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Native American Seeds Holistic Wildlife Habitat

air date: September 28, 2013

Why is it important to plant a holistic habitat? Bill Neiman from Native American Seed explains how to make a difference in your water bill, native beauty, and to our wildlife. On tour in Temple, Mary Lew and David Quesinberry exchanged flat lawn for a new perspective, for them and the wildlife. Daphne explains why jalapeno and serrano peppers turn red. Her pick of the week is native clumping grass, Lindheimer muhly, a standout that protects and feeds wildlife. Trisha Shirey answers: which vegetables should I start from seeds or transplants?

Episode Segments

On Tour

Habitat Garden in Temple

In Temple, Texas, Bell County Master Gardener Mary Lew Quesinberry and husband David wanted wildlife and low-water plants instead of lawn. Also, they wanted adventure, discovery, and dimension. See how they moved native boulders to create platforms over winding granite paths, natural screens for privacy, coves for family fun, and plants that bring wildlife antics right up close.

Watch more "On Tour" videos on YouTube →

Question of the Week

My jalapeno and serrano peppers are turning red. Is that okay?

Is it a problem with your jalapeno plants when your fruits turn red? No, it’s just natural. If you’re growing jalapenos for the first time, or you’ve never lost track of harvesting them and let them go too long, you may not have noticed that a natural development of these fruit is the reddening when they actually ripen. They are fine and still quite edible.

Normally we harvest them green, which stops their development, because they’re much more tender and tasty at this stage. But if left on the vine, they do indeed turn red and begin to dry out, the way any seed pod does. Because we’re usually interested in eating the flesh of the pepper, we don’t want it to dry out, so we harvest them green, while the flesh is still nice and juicy. And if allowed to ripen, that valuable flesh begins to dry-up and the flavor changes.

You may see red-flesh jalapenos sold in the market, but more often you won’t: most red jalapenos are dried, smoked, and given a completely new name: chipotle. Chipotle peppers are used in cooking to provide a unique smoky flavor, and not the heat normally associated with jalapenos. So if your jalapenos are turning red before you can harvest them, that’s just a sign that you need to eat more jalapenos, or that you need to experiment with creating some chipotles.

Watch more Question of the Week videos on YouTube →

Plant of the Week

Lindheimer Muhly

Lindheimer Muhly

Muhlenbergia lindheimeri

Lindheimer muhly's a native, ornamental clumping (or bunch) grass awarded Texas Superstar status. Dr. Brent Pemberton, of Texas A&M AgriLife Research, reports that this drought-tolerant species has been shown to perform outstandingly across a wide spectrum of climates and soils, making it well suited across Texas and beyond. And, it's deer resistant! Lindheimer muhly is considered a “medium water use” plant, especially in sandy soils, meaning that it requires regular watering when temperatures are elevated and rainfall is scarce. But it's also a valuable addition to rain gardens or seasonally wet areas to help stormwater infiltrate the soil. It grows to about four feet wide and equally as tall, but will be about a foot taller when blooming in fall. Its characteristically narrow leaves, and feathery, swaying seed heads soften our landscapes, providing interest when many other plants are dormant. Lindheimer muhly performs best in full sun, but tolerates light shade. The native species has lovely pale-gray inflorescences, which are called panicles in grasses. Improved varieties with pale yellow and even reddish panicles are also available. One of the most popular is 'Regal Mist,' with deep pinkish-red flower spikes that develop in the late summer and add color to the garden into early winter, when most plants are going dormant and their color is fading. In mild winters, it will be semi-evergreen, with warm golden brown hues, providing habitat for over-wintering butterflies. Cut back to about 6" in late winter or early spring, when you begin to notice new growth emerging at the base. Watch more about it now!

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